Surface drainage systems (drainage) are designed to collect rainwater and meltwater from different types of surface and drain them into storm sewerage, drainage fields, infiltration systems, etc. Collection and drainage of rainwater and meltwater is no longer an additional, but an indispensable option in the engineering equipment of each modern object.
Surface drainage. Applications: private construction projects; civil and industrial construction projects.
What is surface drainage? What problems does it solve?
The design and construction of any object of private or commercial purpose necessarily implies the presence of a water drainage system. A well-equipped surface drainage system is able to protect the foundation of the building and the outer coating of the territory from the destructive effects of precipitation for many years. But, despite the obvious usefulness, designers do not pay due attention to it, and investors are trying to save as much as possible.
Drainage system and its significance
The main function is to protect the foundation of the building and the coating on the surface from the effects of storm water. Due to the presence of drainage systems, the service life of the building and the surface coating of the territory without repair increases significantly, which significantly reduces the cost of repairs. And, conversely, , in the absence – under the influence of water, concrete paving stones or asphalt are destroyed very quickly (in a year or two), and the foundation requires additional waterproofing due to flooding . Thus, having saved on this element of the arrangement of the territory, the owner of the building risks overpaying for repairs.
When designing an engineering network , it is important to correctly lay the optimal principle of its operation, which should take into account the features of the relief, soil, traffic intensity, distance to the storm drain. sewerage, etc.
Surface drainage can be professional or intended for private construction. The main argument in favor of choosing one or another option is the purpose – the type of loads that will affect the channel and the amount of water that must be diverted from territory.